If you routinely abuse your feet, you may not be surprised if they’re swollen at the end of the day. Long hours standing on hard floors, uncomfortable shoes and plenty of walking can take a toll.
When you know why your feet are swollen, there’s not much to worry about. Sit down and prop your tootsies in the air or give them a good soak. But what about when you can’t find a reason?
Feet that spontaneously swell for no reason may be a sign of something more serious. Below are eight alarming medical conditions that cause swollen feet.
Reason # 1 Hormonal Changes
Hormones can bounce around due to pregnancy, birth control medications, hormone replacement therapy, or an endocrine system imbalance. Fluid retention and edema in the feet is common, and sometimes will go away on its own.
If your problem is persistent and tied to medication or an endocrine-related condition, speak with your doctor about solutions.
Reason #2 Deep Vein Thromboses
A thrombosis is a blood clot. When clots form in the deep veins of the legs, it will cause serious pain and swelling. This dangerous medical condition needs immediate attention.
Blood clots can develop anywhere in the body, preventing blood flow through the veins. Blocking the flow of blood from the legs to the heart can cause fluid to build up in the feet or leg. If you notice redness or discoloration in addition to the swelling, see a doctor.
Reason #3 Medication Intolerance
Your body may react to certain medications like antidepressants, blood pressure meds, estrogen-based prescriptions, or steroids. These drugs can cause both your feet and legs to swell as a side effect.
Reason #4 Lymphedema
Lymphedema happens when the fluid from your lymph nodes isn’t able to drain properly. It causes swelling, discomfort and a feeling of tightness. According to the Lymphatic Education and Research Network, Lymphedema affects over ten million Americans.
Reason #5 Kidney or Liver Disease
Fluid can build up in the body and collect in the feet due to kidney or liver dysfunction. In severe cases, you may be experiencing organ failure. If you have other symptoms such as difficulty breathing, fatigue, weight gain, or fluid in your abdomen, seek immediate medical attention!
Reason #6 Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that happens as you age. It’s caused by cartilage breaking down. The most noticeable symptoms are swelling, pain, and stiffness.
Reason #7 Foot Bursitis
Bursitis is an inflammation of the capsule that contains joint fluid. Bursitis can happen in any hinged joint, such as the shoulder, elbows, and toes. It causes the feet to look red and swollen, and it will hurt if you put pressure on the area.
Reason #8 Achilles Tendonitis
An inflammation of the tendon in the heel is called Achilles Tendonitis. The pain and swelling will be focused around the ankle and the back of the heel. It gets worse with exercise or physical activity.
Reason #9 Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive heart failure will cause the feet to swell because the heart doesn’t work efficiently. Excess fluid that pools in the feet and ankles is called pitting edema because if you press on it, it will leave a dent.
Reason #10 Cellulitis
WebMD defines cellulitis as an infection in the tissue under the skin. The area will feel warm and have swelling, pain and redness. It’s common in the legs and ankles.
Reason #11 Gout
Gout sufferers have too much uric acid in the bloodstream, causing a painful arthritic condition. Pain usually starts in the big toe and spreads to other joints.
Just thinking about some of these makes my feet ache. What about yours? Do you have a medical condition that causes your feet to swell? If so, tell us about it and show your friends and family this article!